Ellemford Geophysical Survey 2012
Wednesday, 1 October 2014
GUARD Archaeology - Geophysical Survey of Ellemford 2012
During the development of the Flodden 1513 project in 2012 GUARD carried out a series of geophysical studies for the project including at Norham Castle, Ladykirk Church and at Ellemford. This report can be down loaded HERE (be aware this PDF version is 7mb and may take some time to down load).
The important pages for those interested in Ellemford are p22 to p30
From the report
“A desk-based assessment (DBA) of Ellemford Haugh was carried out by Warren Bailie of GUARD Archaeology. The results of that assessment can be found at Appendix A. In addition to the information in the DBA, the tenant farmer informed the survey team that two of the three fields included in the geophysical survey (Areas B and C) were used for the annual agricultural show and that, despite flood prevention measures, the River Whiteadder sometimes broke its banks, causing flooding in the three fields that form the survey area. The three areas targeted at Ellemford Haugh were:- Area A – westernmost field (figures 12 and 13) Area B – field on west side of Ellem Bridge (figures 12 and 14) Area C – field on east side of Ellem Bridge (figures 12 and 15)
This is the possible location of the ford after which the settlement is named. The western extent of this field was delineated by a modern bank along the edge of the burn that divides this field 22 from Area B. The field is fairly flat with standing water immediately west of the area surveyed, and a small water channel at the north-west of the area surveyed. The bank of the burn caused disturbance on both surveys, and metal cattle feeders and fences caused magnetic disturbance during the gradiometry survey.
A linear band of lower resistance and altered magnetism runs for about 40 metres from north-west to south-east at the eastern side of the field. This may have been a water channel, as it appears to feed into the burn.
Features EH2, EH3 and EH4
These three anomalies are di-poles that often indicate the presence of metal, or the location of intense burning.
A raised bank at the southern edge of the field is of modern construction, and was erected as a flood prevention measure. This bank caused magnetic disturbance during the gradiometry survey and, to prevent further disturbance, the gradiometry survey was ended several metres away from the metal fences that enclose the field. Sheep-dog trials are held in this field during the Ellemford Agricultural Show.
This curvilinear band of magnetic disturbance is between four and five metres wide and about 28 metres long, although some of the disturbance at its western end may be caused by proximity to the metal fence. The single resistivity grid among the gradiometry grids shows slightly higher resistance starting at about the point where this feature would enter the grid, with the anomaly curving round to the north-west.
This small area of magnetic disturbance may be the same anomaly as Feature EH5.
This linear band of magnetic disturbance is about two metres wide and 11 metres long. It is located at the entrance to the field and is probably due to the topsoil being churned-up by animals and farm machinery. Some of the disturbance at its eastern end may be caused by proximity to the metal fence.
Artificial banks at the west side of this field are associated with the construction of Ellem Bridge. A wire fence at the southern side of the field stops immediately adjacent to the bridge to allow fishing access to the river. This field is the location of the annual Ellemford Agricultural Show.
An L-shaped area of higher resistance recorded during the survey is about 20 metres long and 11 metres wide. The morphology of this feature suggests that it may be structural.
Feature EH9 and Feature EH10
These areas of magnetic disturbance may indicate intense burning or the presence of metal within the topsoil or subsoil...”
Dowload the full Geophysical Report (Pdf 7mb)